Indonesia’s NDC Paris Agreement: Understanding the Nation’s Commitment Towards Climate Change

Indonesia is a country that is highly vulnerable to climate change impacts. With a population of over 267 million people spread over the world`s largest island nation, Indonesia is facing numerous environmental challenges such as deforestation, land-use change, and degradation of soil and water resources. In response, Indonesia has undertaken commitments under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to address these issues.

In 2016, Indonesia submitted its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) to the Paris agreement, outlining its commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and making the nation more resilient to climate change impacts. The Paris agreement is a legally binding agreement under the UNFCCC, which aims to limit the global temperature rise to below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

One of Indonesia’s major commitments under the Paris agreement is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 29 percent by 2030. The country aims to achieve this target through various measures, such as forest conservation, increasing renewable energy capacity, and improving energy efficiency. Indonesia has set an ambitious target of achieving 23 percent of its energy needs from renewable sources by 2025.

Indonesia is also committed to enhancing its capacity to adapt to climate change impacts. The country aims to increase its resilience by allocating resources to improve disaster risk reduction and management systems, enhance water security, and promote sustainable agriculture practices.

Furthermore, Indonesia has taken steps to engage with international organizations and partners to accelerate its efforts towards mitigating climate change. In 2021, Indonesia pledged to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 41 percent by 2030 with support from international partners. The pledge is part of the High Ambition Coalition (HAC) for Nature and People, which aims to protect and conserve 30 percent of the world`s land and oceans by 2030.

In conclusion, Indonesia’s NDC Paris Agreement is a vital step towards the nation`s goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and enhancing its capacity to adapt to climate change impacts. The country`s ambitious targets and commitments demonstrate its determination to address environmental challenges and contribute to the global fight against climate change. The success of Indonesia`s efforts towards mitigating climate change will not only benefit the country but also have a positive impact on the world`s efforts towards a sustainable future.